Monday, 20 June 2011

People of the war: Futurists

by Nauris Nikans for the visual communication class

People of the war: Futurists by ~NaurisNikans on deviantART

Futurism as the art movement began in Italy in 1909, but several years later it conquered Russia. Futurism in Italy resulted as the reaction on the dead silence in the Italian culture since the late 19th century. Italian poets, musicians and architects were not satisfied with the fact that the art in Italy was not capable of responding to the changes of the life quality after the economic boom. While dreaming about the industrial era they proposed the public to lead the art out of the dark so that it could prove itself in all of the industries of life and could speak to the viewers in an appropriate language.
That was the time when artists expressed their beliefs aloud in the aggressive style saturated with the posters. Manifestations caused public riots, but, according to the futurists, it only confirmed the beginning of the technical civilization’s triumph. Song writers and musicians started using sounds of the streets and cars in their songs. In the paintings and artworks it was possible to show the technological raise by using a motion.
Futurists divided motion in absolute motion, the one a human being cannot spot with the naked eye, and relative, the one that is from the point A to the point B. For the futurists most valuable features of the motion were aggression, speed, light and militarism.
Slogan “war is the only hygiene for the world” expressed futurism as the political and chauvinistic trend, which made to believe that it was related to the Italian fascism. The power of machines and power of people was glorified in Futurism. The World War One pushed the beliefs of the futurists to the limits, but the followers of the theory got really disappointed, which is what the life normally brings.
Historically every art trend tends to belittle and deny other art trends, but not as bad as the followers of futurism did especially in the architecture. At some extent futurists provoked the First World War to destroy buildings to free space for their structures and other architecture marvels. But the war destroyed too much.
The futurists criticized neoclassicism the most because that was the trend that was heavily influenced by the past art forms from the Greek and Roman times. The futurists wanted to destroy everything that didn’t have technical and futuristic characteristics.
In the 20th century the futurists didn’t feel like people who were related to cathedrals, castles and monuments, but more like a part of the huge hotels, railway stations, endless streets, massive harbors and paved market places.

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